The nexus of floodplain management, flood hazard mitigation, and wetland management providesan opportunity for efficient and integrated approaches toward environmentalconservation and protection of wetlands and the sound development of humansettlements in areas at risk to flood hazards. Floods are the most common and widespread of hazards experienced in thecountry and most communities have experienced some kind of flooding. 

Many communities are situated along or nearby wetlands – coasts, rivers, and lakes; where development planning for these settlements may or may not make full use of these wetland habitats.  Wetlands in general contribute to mitigating risksfrom extreme weather events and other climate change phenomena by storing and conveying flood water; attenuating coastal storm surges, waves, and tsunamis;and reduction of erosion and sedimentation. Specifically, healthy coastal wetlands reduce storm damage through wave attenuation and soil retention. While, inland wetlands – especially floodplains – provide storm water retention(Kusler, 2009). 

Wetlands are also affected by natural and human-induced hazards – these include general damage, sediment deposition,erosion, and uncontrolled run-off, among others. When wetlands are notintegrated or are misused the loss of these ecosystem services can cause agreat deal to the rest of the natural and built ecosystem (EPA, 2016). Despite the growing focus of disaster risk reduction and management andclimate change projects in wetlands areas, rarely do hazard mitigation andhabitat conservation collaborate among government and private institutions. 

Critical community resources such as thequality and quantity of water are reliant on the sound integration of wetlands into development planning and flood management (ASFM, 2004).  Specific pathways for collaboration in green infrastructure and floodplain zoning, as a sustainable approach to naturallandscape preservation, water resources, and storm water management, need to be identified among the government and private sectors to make an impact towardsclimate resilient mitigation activities in the flooding hotspots in the country (FEMA, 2016; Wetlands Watch, 2018). This forum tacklestopics that will help identify opportunities for emergency,  floodplain, and wetland management agencies and partners to work together to maximise floodcontrol and ecosystem service benefits of Philippine wetlands, thereby saving financial and environmental resources and building the resilience of Philippine communities to climate change.

Despite the growing focus of disaster risk reduction and management andclimate change projects in wetlands areas, rarely do hazard mitigation andhabitat conservation collaborate among government and private institutions.  Critical community resources such as the quality and quantity of water are reliant on the sound integration of wetlands into development planning and flood management (ASFM, 2004).  Specific pathways for collaboration in green infrastructure and floodplain zoning, as a sustainable approach to natural landscape preservation, water resources, and storm water management, need to beidentified among the government and private sectors to make an impact towardsclimate resilient mitigation activities in the flooding hotspots in the country (FEMA, 2016; Wetlands Watch, 2018).

This forum tackles topics that will help identify opportunities for emergency,  floodplain, andwetland management agencies and partners to work together to maximise floodcontrol and ecosystem service benefits of Philippine wetlands, thereby saving financial and environmental resources and building the resilience of Philippine communities to climate change.


Forum topics:

  • Wetlands:  Definition and Policies
  • The National Wetlands Action Plan
  • Flood Management and Wetlands
  • Flood Plain Management and Zoning
  • Climate Resilient Infrastructure

Objectives:

The main objective of the Forum is to set the stage for a more in-depth discussion on wetlands and flood management. Specifically, it aims to:

  1. Highlight the role of wetlands in flood and storm water management
  2. Present the nexus between flood management, flood plain management and zoning, and climate resilient infrastructure
  3. Provide a forum for discovering opportunities to work towards wetlands and green infrastructure to manage flood hazard.
  4. Enhance networking of professionals, academics, and wetland advocates for the wise-use and conservation of Philippine wetlands

Expected Output: 
A Forum resolution on wetlandsand flood management as input to a national policy on wetlands.



Download Forum Presentations

National Inland Wetlands Conservation Program, Department of Environment and Natural Resources – Biodiversity Management Bureau (DENR-BMB)
Groundwater Management, National Water Resources Board (NWRB)
Wetlands and Wastewater Management, University of the Philippines Los Banos College of Human Ecology (UPLB-CHE)
Wetlands and Flood Management, University of the Philippines Diliman College of Engineering (UPCE)